Notes on TP words


A page to record ideas on the proper usage of TP words.       Back


ala

'ala' in verb spot means "is nothing" or "annihilate/deny,"

 


lon

'lon' as a transitive verb means 'put in place'.  A lon B [e C]: A does x [to C,as a result] C is in situation B.  If C is not mentioned, it is A.  If B is not mentioned, it is reality, existence, truth. If x is mentioned it becomes the main verb and lon B goes to the end of the sentence.

 

"put/place A  in/at  B" is 'lon B e A'

 

'lon' doesn't mean "not moving" it only doesn't mention whether moving or not in the space where you are.

Yes, various adverbial extensions do not change the Prep character of 'tawa' and 'lon'. I take 'lon insa ala' to be "on the outside"


tawa

A tawa B e C: C in situation x, A does y to C, as a result C is in situation B. If C is not mentioned, it is A or a part of A. If y is mentioned it becomes main verb, and tawa B goes to the end. If x is mentioned it is at the end after tan.

 

So far as I can tell, the 'tawa' class verbs are 'tawa', 'lon' and 'tan' That is, these are listed first and foremost as prepositions and, when used as verbs, keep the prep object along with any DO they may have.

 

That which follows a "li" is a verb + various complements. The complements are adverbs, "e" phrases and prepositional phrases. Tawa, lon and to some extent kama, and maybe poka can be parsed as something other than a predicate, usually a intransitive verb of motion with an unmarked complement.

So, 'tawa, tan, lon' are Prepositions, which take unmarked objects. And they are that even when they are used in the verb slot. So, it is not irregular; it is just the way that Prepositions function as verbs. Most verbs are NOT Prepositions and the function in different ways, depending on whether they are Nouns or Verbis or Verbts or Adjectives or Modals or ...