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TP Vocabulary

Page history last edited by Dave Raftery 14 years ago


a interj ah, ha, uh, oh, ooh, aw, well (emotion word)

akesi n non-cute animal, reptile, amphibian

ala mod no, not, none, un-; n nothing, negation, zero; interj no!

alasa v to hunt, to gather - new word

ale, ali n everything, anything, life, the universe; mod all, every, complete, whole, 100

anpa n bottom, lower part, under, below, floor, beneath; mod low, lower, bottom, down

ante n difference; mod different; cont otherwise, or else; vt change, alter, modify

anu conj or

awen vi stay, wait, remain; vt keep; mod remaining, stationary, permanent, sedentary

e sep (introduces a direct object)

en conj and (used to coordinate head nouns)

esun n shop, store, place of commerece - new word

ijo n thing, something, stuff, anything, object; mod of something; vt objectify

ike mod bad, negative, wrong, evil, overly complex, (figuratively) unhealthy; interj oh dear! woe! alas!; n negativity, badness, evil; vt to make bad, to worsen, to have a negative effect upon; vi to be bad, to suck

ilo n tool, device, machine, thing used for a specific purpose

insa n inside, inner world, centre, stomach; mod inner, internal

jaki mod dirty, gross, filthy; n dirt, pollution, garbage, filth; vt pollute, dirty; interj ew! yuck!

jan n person, people, human, being, somebody, anybody; mod human, somebody's, personal, of people; vt personify, humanize, personalize

jelo mod yellow, light green

jo vt have, contain; n having; kama receive, get, take, obtain

kala n fish, sea creature

kalama n sound, noise, voice; vi make noise; vt sound, ring, play (an instrument)

kama vi come, become, arrive, happen, pursue actions to arrive to (a certain state), manage to, start to; n event, happening, chance, arrival, beginning; mod coming, future; vt bring about, summon

kasi n plant, leaf, herb, tree, wood

ken vi can, is able to, is allowed to, may, is possible; n possibility, ability, power to do things, permission; vt make possible, enable, allow, permit; cont it is possible that

kepeken vt use; prep with

kili n fruit, pulpy vegetable, mushroom

kin mod also, too, even, indeed (emphasizes the word(s) before it)

kipisi v to cut - new word

kiwen mod hard, solid, stone-like, made of stone or metal; n hard thing, rock, stone, metal, mineral, clay

ko n semi-solid or squishy substance, e.g. paste, powder, gum

kon n air, wind, smell, soul; mod air-like, ethereal, gaseous

kule n colour, paint; mod colourful; vt colour, paint

kute vt listen, hear; mod auditory, hearing

kulupu n group, community, society, company, people; mod communal, shared, public, of the society; v to gather (replaced by alasa)

la sep (between adverb or phrase of context and sentence)

lape n, vi sleep, rest; mod sleeping, of sleep

laso mod blue, blue-green

lawa n head, mind; mod main, leading, in charge; vt lead, control, rule, steer

len n clothing, cloth, fabric; vt wear, be dressed in

lete n cold; mod cold, uncooked; vt cool down, chill

li sep (between any subject except mi and sina and its verb, also used to introduce a new verb for the same subject)

lili mod small, little, young, a bit, short, few, less; vt reduce, shorten, shrink, lessen

linja n long, very thin, floppy thing, e.g. string, rope, hair, thread, cord, chain

lipu n flat and bendable thing, e.g. paper, card, ticket

loje mod red

lon prep be (located) in/at/on; vi be there, be present, be real/true, exist, be awake

luka n hand, arm

lukin vt see, look at, watch, read; vi look, watch out, pay attention; mod visual(ly)

lupa n hole, orifice, window, door

ma n land, earth, country, (outdoor) area

mama n parent, mother, father; mod of the parent, parental, maternal, fatherly

mani n money, material wealth, currency, dollar, capital

meli n woman, female, girl, wife, girlfriend; mod female, feminine, womanly

mi n I, we; mod my, our

mije n man, male, husband, boyfriend; mod male, masculine, manly

moku n food, meal; vt eat, drink, swallow, ingest, consume

moli n death; vi die, be dead; vt kill; mod dead, deadly, fatal

monsi n back, rear end, butt, behind; mod back, rear

mu interj woof! meow! moo! etc. (cute animal noise)

mun n moon; mod lunar

musi n fun, playing, game, recreation, art, entertainment; mod artful, fun, recreational; vi play, have fun; vt amuse, entertain

mute mod many, very, much, several, a lot, abundant, numerous, more, 20; n amount, quantity; vt make many or much

namako n something extra, seasoning v excite, stimulate, embellish, season, cure (food) - new word

nanpa n number; oth -th (ordinal numbers)

nasa mod silly, crazy, foolish, drunk, strange, stupid, weird; vt drive crazy, make weird

nasin n way, manner, custom, road, path, doctrine, system, method

nena n bump, nose, hill, mountain, button

ni mod this, that

nimi n word, name

noka n leg, foot

o sep O (vocative or imperative); interj hey! (calling somebody's attention)

oko n eye

olin n love; mod love; vt to love (a person)

ona n she, he, it, they; mod her, his, its, their

open vt open, turn on

pakala n blunder, accident, mistake, destruction, damage, breaking; vt screw up, botch, ruin, break, hurt, injure, damage, spoil, ruin; vi screw up, fall apart, break; interj damn!

pali n activity, work, deed, project; mod active, work-related, operating, working; vt do, make, build, create; vi act, work, function

palisa n long, mostly hard object, e.g. rod, stick, branch

pan n cereal, grain, rice, bread, pasta - new word

pana vt give, put, send, place, release, emit, cause; n giving, transfer, exchange

pi sep of, belonging to

pilin n feelings, emotion, heart; vi feel; vt feel, think, sense, touch

pimeja mod black, dark; n darkness, shadows; vt darken

pini n end, tip; mod completed, finished, past, done, ago; vt finish, close, end, turn off

pipi n bug, insect, spider

poka n side, hip, next to; prep in the accompaniment of, with; mod neighbouring

poki n container, box, bowl, cup, glass

pona n good, simplicity, positivity; mod good, simple, positive, nice, correct, right; interj great! good! thanks! OK! cool! yay!; vt improve, fix, repair, make good

sama mod same, similar, equal, of equal status or position; prep like, as, seem

seli n fire, warmth, heat; mod hot, warm, cooked; vt heat, warm up, cook

selo n outside, surface, skin, shell, bark, shape, peel

seme oth what, which, wh- (question word)

sewi n high, up, above, top, over, on; mod superior, elevated, religious, formal

sijelo n body, physical state

sike n circle, wheel, sphere, ball, cycle; mod round, cyclical

sin mod new, fresh, another, more; vt renew, renovate, freshen

sina n you; mod your

sinpin n front, chest, torso, face, wall

sitelen n picture, image; vt draw, write

sona n knowledge, wisdom, intelligence, understanding; vt know, understand, know how to; vi know, understand; kama learn, study

soweli n animal, especially land mammal, lovable animal

suli mod big, tall, long, adult, important; vt enlarge, lengthen; n size

suno n sun, light

supa n horizontal surface, e.g furniture, table, chair, pillow, floor

suwi n candy, sweet food; mod sweet, cute; vt sweeten

tan prep from, by, because of, since; n origin, cause

taso mod only, sole; conj but

tawa prep to, in order to, towards, for, until; vi go to, walk, travel, move, leave; n movement, transportation; mod moving, mobile; vt move, displace

telo n water, liquid, juice, sauce; vt water, wash with water

tenpo n time, period of time, moment, duration, situation

toki n language, talking, speech, communication; mod talking, verbal; vt say; vi talk, chat, communicate; interj hello! hi!

tomo n indoor constructed space, e.g. house, home, room, building; mod urban, domestic, household

tu mod two; n duo, pair; vt double, separate/cut/divide in two

unpa n sex, sexuality; mod erotic, sexual; vt have sex with, sleep with; vi have sex

uta n mouth; mod oral

utala n conflict, disharmony, competition, fight, war, battle, attack, blow, argument, physical or verbal violence; vt hit, strike, attack, compete against

walo mod white, light (colour); n white thing or part, whiteness, lightness

wan mod one, a; n unit, element, particle, part, piece; vt unite, make one

waso n bird, winged animal

wawa n energy, strength, power; mod energetic, strong, fierce, intense, sure, confident; vt strengthen, energize, empower

weka mod away, absent, missing; n absence; vt throw away, remove, get rid of

wile vt to want, need, wish, have to, must, will, should; n desire, need, will; mod necessary


Old words which are no longer used:

kapa (replaced by nena)

kapesi- brown, grey, (use "pimeja" instead)

iki (replaced by ona)

leko - block, stairs

kan - with, (use "poka" instead)

majuna - old, (use "sin ala" instead)

pasila - good, easy. (Use pona instead.) (Does not mean stick!)

pata - cousin, sibling (use "jan sama")

powe - unreal, false, untrue, pretend, deceive, trick,  (use "lon ala")


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