• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

View
 

TP semantic prime words

Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 6 months ago

 

From the Wikipedia article:

 

The Natural Semantic Metalanguage is an approach to semantic analysis based on reductive paraphrase (that is, breaking concepts/words down into combinations of simpler concepts/words) using a small collection of semantic primes. The semantic primes (below) believed to be atomic, primitive meanings present in all human languages.

 

Currently the following 61 primitives are recognized (in alphabetical order):

 

ABOVE, AFTER, ALL, BAD, BECAUSE, BEFORE, BELOW, BIG, BODY, CAN, DIE, DO, FAR, FEEL, FOR SOME TIME, GOOD, HAPPEN, HAVE, HEAR, HERE, I, IF, INSIDE, KIND OF, KNOW, LIKE, LIVE, A LONG TIME, MANY/MUCH, MAYBE, MOMENT, MORE, MOVE, (LONG), NEAR, NOT, NOW, ONE, OTHER, PART OF, PEOPLE/PERSON, THE SAME, SAY, SEE, A SHORT TIME, SIDE, SMALL, SOME, SOMEONE, SOMETHING/THING, THERE IS, THINK, THIS, TOUCH, TRUE, TWO, VERY, WANT, WHEN/TIME, WHERE/PLACE, WORD, YOU

 

After poking around a bit more, it looks like the 61 primitives in NSM correspond to 41 words in Toki Pona; some of the overlap comes from merging ideas such as "like" and "want", but the biggest change is use of compound phrases for things like places and times -- using "small time" for "brief" and "near me" for "here".

 

ala - NOT

ali - ALL

anpa - BELOW

ante - OTHER

ijo - SOMETHING/THING

ike - BAD

insa - INSIDE

jan - PEOPLE/PERSON; SOMEONE (jan wan)

jo - HAVE

kama - HAPPEN; AFTER (kama la)

ken - CAN; MAYBE; IF (ken la)

kute - HEAR

lili - SMALL, SOME

lon - THERE IS, TRUE

luka - PART OF

lukin - SEE

ma - WHERE/PLACE (or tomo for indoor places)

mi - I

moli - DIE

mute - MANY/MUCH, MORE, VERY

ni - THIS

nimi - WORD

pali - DO, LIVE

pilin - FEEL, THINK

pini - BEFORE

poka - NEAR; SIDE; TOUCH; HERE (poka mi); FAR (poka mi ala)

pona - GOOD

sama - THE SAME, KIND OF

sewi - ABOVE

sijelo - BODY

sina - YOU

sona - KNOW

suli - BIG; LONG

tan - BECAUSE

tawa - MOVE

tenpo - WHEN/TIME; A LONG TIME (tenpo suli); FOR SOME TIME (tenpo wa

+n); MOMENT (tenpo lili ni); NOW (tenpo ni); A SHORT TIME (tenpo +lili)

toki - SAY

tu - TWO

wan - ONE

wile - LIKE; WANT

Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.