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Toki Pona

Page history last edited by Dave Raftery 3 years, 9 months ago

 

 

Toki Pona is a simple constructed language consisting of 120 words and 18 basic sounds. It is a minimal language. Like a pidgin, it focuses on simple concepts and elements that are relatively universal among cultures. Toki Pona aims to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. There are five vowels and nine consonants (j, k, l, m, n, p, s, t, w). Pronunciation is easy:  vowels are the same as in Italian or Japanese - sushi, Mario, kenpo, spaghetti.  j is pronounced like y. The grammar is very regular and easy to learn. Core words are combined for more specific meanings. Verb endings are all the same, since there is no tense. Since there are a limited number of words, there is some ambiguity and often the meaning is derived from context. Each word can have multiple meanings, which makes learning the language more difficult than one might think.  For example, the word 'Pona' can be a verb (to improve, to fix), an adjective (good, simple, right), a noun (goodness, simplicity), or an interjection (great!, cool! yay!). Context helps to determine which particular meaning is intended.

There is a philosophy of simplicity and goodness associated with toki pona. Training your mind to think in Toki Pona can lead to deeper insights about yourself and the world around you.

 

This is the list of root words that make up TP: a, akesi, ala, ale (ali), anpa, ante, anu, awen, e, en, esun, ijo, ike, ilo, insa, jaki, jan, jelo, jo, kala, kalama, kama, kasi, ken, kepeken, kili, kin, kiwen, ko, kon, kule, kute, kulupu, la, lape, laso, lawa, len, lete, li, lili, linja, lipu, loje, lon, luka, lukin, lupa, ma, mama, mani, meli, mi, mije, moku, moli, monsi, mu, mun, musi, mute, nanpa, nasa, nasin, nena, ni, nimi, noka, o, oko, olin, ona, open, pakala, pali, palisa, pan, pana, pi, pilin, pimeja, pini, pipi, poka, poki, pona, sama, seli, selo, seme, sewi, sijelo, sike, sin, sina, sinpin, sitelen, sona, soweli, suli, suno, supa, suwi, tan, taso, tawa, telo, tenpo, toki, tomo, tu, unpa, uta, utala, walo, wan, waso, wawa, weka, wile.

 

My new TP Blog

My old TP Blog

My adventures with learning Toki Pona

 

Official website by Sonja Elen Kisa

New TP Forum

New TP Wiki

TP to English Vocabulary  This pdf file has all TP words on 2 pages. If you print it out back to back, you can have all TP words on one sheet.

TP words by parts of speech

English to TP dictionary - I put this together from Sonja's official TP to English list, working backwards.

Live search dictionary <--- this is an awesome tool !

Custom TP dictionary for MS Word

John Clifford's TP  to English Google Docs spreadsheet

John Clifford's English to TP  Google Docs spreadsheet

jan Kipo's TP blog

jan Kipo's TP literature

jan Mato's TP tools

Tatoeba site for toki pona sentences with translations into multiple languages

TP words by category

TP single word definitions

TP Philosophy

 

A page for my own TP draft sentences.

My notes on TP lessons 

My list of TP idioms

TP parts of speech 

Random TP messages from internet for learning

Learning from my TP mistakes

TP to do

 TP stuff

Roots of TP words

http://tatoeba.org/eng/sentences/show_all_in/toki/eng/none

Simple toki pona lessons


TP lessons:

TP Links to other sites as of October 2009


Lord's prayer in TP

mama pi mi mute o,

sina lon sewi kon.

nimi sina o sewi en pona.

ma sina o kama.

jan o pali e wile sina en lon sewi kon en lon ma.

sina o pana lon tenpo suno ni e moku tawa mi.

o weka e pali ike mi, sama la mi weka e pali ike pi jan ante.

o pana ala e wile ike tawa mi.

o awen e mi weka tan ike.

ni li nasin.

 


aikidave

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