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Saito Sensei's Jo Suburi

Page history last edited by PBworks 18 years, 2 months ago

Each of the following twenty suburi should be practised carefully and with feeling. Breathing is very important and you should inhale before you start the movements, allowing your breath to pass out of your lungs as you perform the suburi, and exhaling sharply as you finish the final thrust or strike of the suburi. Always check your posture at the beginning and end of each suburi to ensure that you have started and finished correctly. Good posture before and after performance goes a long way towards correct posture during the suburi.

 

Tsuki Series

1

Choku tsuki

(Direct (front) thrust)

This is the basic thrusting movement which is

featured in many of the jo waza (jo techniques).

Commence in basic posture, hidari hanmi, with

the jo resting on one end vertically on the mat

immediately in front of your left foot. Hold the jo

with your left hand. Reach down with your right

hand to grasp the jo near its base. Your left

hand should lift the jo as you do this. Slide your

right hand down to the end as you bring the jo to

a horizontal position, tsuki no kame. Slide the jo

through your left hand back and then forwards,

swinging your right hand up to the front of your

centre. Both feet slide forwards as you lower

your posture during this forward thrust.

2

Kaeshi tsuki

(Spiral thrust)

This is actually a counter to a thrust from your

opponent. Commence in left posture as for the

first jo suburi. Grasp the top of the jo with your

right hand, thumb downwards. Bring the jo up in

a circular motion as you move to your left with

your left foot, bringing your right foot around to

remain in hidari hanmi. As you move, thrust the

jo forwards to your opponents centre, your left

hand on top of the jo. Expel your breath

explosively as the thrust is performed.

3

Ushiro tsuki (Thrust to the rear)

This is a thrust against an opponent who is

behind you. Commence in basic posture as for

the previous suburi, bringing your right hand to

the top of the jo, thumb upwards. Lift the jo

placing it along the underside of your left

forearm while sliding your left foot back beside

your right. Step back with your left foot, thrusting

the jo straight to your rear and turning your body

to your left as you do this.

4

Tsuki gedan gaeshi (Thrust with low

return strike/sweep)

This is the first of two combinations of

movements which incorporate the first jo suburi.

Commence in hidari tsuki no kamae, holding

the jo horizontally in your left hand with your right

hand at its base, your feet in left posture. Swing

back with your right hand to make choku tsuki

(first jo suburi), sliding your feet forwards. Slide

your left hand towards the front of the jo, and

step backwards and to the right, remaining in

left posture as you push the jo back past your

right side through the right hand. Turn your hips

to the left, stepping forwards with your right foot,

and bring the jo around at knee level to strike at

your opponents lower legs. Your right hand

should be behind the jo pushing it round to

make contact.

5

Tsuki jodan gaeshi (Thrust with high

return strike/sweep)

This combination introduces the striking

techniques which are to follow in the next five

suburi. You commence in hidari tsuki no kamae.

Swing back with your right hand to perform

choku tsuki, sliding your feet forwards. Move

backwards and to the right, still in hidari hanmi,

bringing the jo up to protect your head (sliding

your right hand up to your left). Turn it over your

head to the striking position in preparation for

shomen uchi strike (right wrist twists, left hand

moves to end of Jo). The strike is performed by

swinging the jo in an arc over your head and

down onto your opponent as you step forwards

with your right foot.

Uchikomi Series

6

Shomen uchikomi (Front strike, with

stepping back)

Commence in right posture holding the jo in

front of you with your left hand at the end of the jo

and your right hand a quarter of the way up. Step

back with your right foot, raising the jo above

your head, pointing it towards the ceiling and

angled slightly back. As you step forwards with

your right foot, bring your hands down and

forwards, striking with the jo to your opponentscentre.

7

Renzoku uchikomi (Continuous front

strikes)

Commence in right posture and perform

shomen uchi komi (sixth jo suburi). Having

performed the strike in right posture, move your

weight forwards on to your right foot and bring

your hands up to the front of, and just above,

your head with the jo pointing to your right. Step

forwards with your left foot, turning your hips into

left posture. Bring the jo round to extend behind

you and make hidari shomen uchi to complete

the suburi.

8

Menuchi gedan gaeshi (Front strike,

low return strike)

Commence in right posture and perform

shomen uchi komi. When the strike is

completed, extend your right hand to the end of

the jo, sweep it back to your left side and move

back and to your left. Step forwards with your left

foot. Bring the jo round in a strike to your

opponent's knee, keeping your left hand behind

the jo to give power to the strike.

9

Menuchi ushiro tsuki (Front strike,

thrust to the rear)

Commence in right posture and perform

shomen uchi komi. As the strike is completed,

slide your right hand to the forward end of the jo,

turn your hips into left posture and perform a

thrust to the rear as in ushiro tsuki.

10

Gyaku yokomen ushiro tsuki

Commence in right posture as if you had just

completed shomen uchi komi, bringing your

hands up to the front of, and just above, your

head with the jo pointing to your right. Step

forwards with your left foot and perform hidari

shomen uchi. Slide your left hand to the front

end of the jo, turning your hips further into left

posture and perform ushiro tsuki to your right

side at chest level.

Katate Series

11

Katate gedan gaeshi (One handed,

low to high strike/sweep)

This is the first of the suburi which features

one-hand grip and uses wrist movement for

successful completion. Commence in hidari

tsuki no kamae, sliding your left hand to the

forward end of the jo. Push the jo back through

your right hand, bringing your body back and to

the right as in the fourth suburi. Both hands

should now be at the forward end of the jo. Take

a long step forward with your right foot,

sweeping the jo forwards across an imaginary

opponent's face, holding it with your right hand

only and catching it with your left hand over your

head on the left side after the sweep is

complete, finishing in a defensive position.

12

Katate toma uchi (One handed

far-reaching strike)

This movement is used to extend the jo

forwards to reach a considerable distance past

your normal fighting range. Commence in hidari

tsuki no kamae and draw the jo back over your

head to your left with your right hand, resting the

forward end of the jo on your left

forefinger/thumb cleft. Draw your weight back

onto your right foot. As you start to swing the jo

around with your right wrist, commence

stepping forwards with your right foot, swinging

the jo at your opponent's head and around to be

caught by your left hand down by your left hip.

13

Katate hachi no ji gaeshi (One

handed figure "eight" strike)

This incorporates a double wrist action to

loosen your wrist and serves as the precursor to

the hasso techniques that will follow.

Commence in left posture. Hold the jo in your

right hand on your right side, the end resting on

the mat. Turn your wrist forwards, raising the jo

and, while stepping forwards with the right foot,

sweep the jo across your imaginary opponent's

face. catch the jo high on your left side in your

open left hand. Swing your hips back to the right,

changing posture into hidari hanmi while

stepping back with your right foot as you push

the jo across to your right with your left hand.

Spin it around your right wrist, catching the short

end in your left hand, beside your head on your

right side.

Hasso Gaeshi Series

14

Hasso gaeshi uchi (Eight direction

return, front strike)

The next five suburi all incorporate the hasso

technique which consists of rapidly twirling the

jo from a forward position under your wrist and

up to above your right shoulder beside your

head, as you do to complete the thirteenth

suburi. Commence in ken no kamae, sliding

your right foot back as you extend your left hand

forwards and upwards, letting your right hand

slide a little further towards the centre of the jo.

As you step back with your right foot, push

sharply down with your left hand on the jo to

swing it down and up to your rear. Grasp the

bottom end with your left hand as it comes to a

vertical position at the right side of your head in

hasso no kamae. Start to step forwards with

your right foot as you bring the jo up to your head

changing the grip with your right hand, and

complete your step forwards as you strike with

shomen uchi in right posture.

15

Hasso gaeshi tsuki (Eight direction

return, front thrust)

Commence as in the previous suburi twirling

the jo to assume hasso no kamae. From this

point, extend your left foot forwards, bringing the

jo down to perform a straight thrust to your front.

Slide your right hand forwards and perform

hasso gaeshi once more, bringing your left foot

back a little to finish in hasso no kamae.

16

Hasso gaeshi ushiro tsuki (Eight

direction return, thrust to the rear

Commence as in the previous suburi by twirling

your jo to assume hasso no kamae. From the

vertical, drop the top of the jo forwards,

extending your left hand to its front end and

thrusting the jo to your right rear (migi ushiro

tsuki). Finish with your hips facing to the right.

17

Hasso gaeshi ushiro uchi (Eight

direction return, strike to the rear)

Commence as in the sixteenth suburi assuming

hasso no kamae. Turn your hips further to your

right and strike down and around to your rear

with a round sweeping blow, keeping your feet

in the same position as they were in hasso no

kamae.

18

Hasso gaeshi ushiro harai (Eight

directio return, sweep to the rear)

Commence as in the previous suburi assuming

hasso no kamae. Turn your whole body to the

rear, sweeping your right foot back and round

whilst swinging the jo in a sweeping strike to an

imaginary opponent who is standing behind

you.

Nagare Series

19

Hidari nagare gaeshi uchi (Flowing

to the left, front strike)

These final two suburi are designed to help

improve your body movement as they

incorporate a flowing combination of strikes.

Commence in ken no kamae (right posture),

stepping back with your right foot to perform

shomen uchi komi (sixth suburi). As the strike is

made turn to your left, bringing the jo around as

you extend your left hand forwards to catch it.

From here, take the jo back over your head. You

should now be facing your rear as you perform

right shomen uchi strike to the imaginary

opponent who is now standing in front of you.

20

Migi nagare gaeshi tsuki (Flowing to

the right, front thrust)

Commence in ken no kamae, stepping forwards

to perform hidari shomen uchi. As you complete

the strike, step back and round with your right

foot, turning to your rear to block across your

head Lower your hands into hidari tsuki no

kamae and perform hidari choku tsuki to deal

with the imaginary adversary behind you.

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